Introduction to Cannabis: Terpenes

Terpenes are organic compounds that give each strain of cannabis its unique aroma, flavour and effects. These oils are found in all plants and have been used for centuries in medicine, natural remedies and food.


Myrcene is the most common and plentiful terpene in cannabis. It's also found in mango, with a flavour profile that's a mix of citrus and musk. Myrcene has been studied for its analgesic properties and may be part of the reason people have used cannabis for pain management.


Limonene, as its name indicates, is a sweet lemon smell. Citrus fruits are loaded with limonene, and it's commonly extracted for use in foods, cleaning products and cosmetics. Research into limonene surrounds its potential to improve mood and relaxation.


Caryophyllene is found in a variety of edible plants and herbs. It has long been used in anti-inflammatory creams and salves and is thought to reduce anxiety. It smells of pepper, spice and a hint of wood.


Linalool is found in lavender. The rich floral scent with just a taste of spice makes it a popular choice for aromatherapy, especially as a scent that helps with sleep and relaxation.


Pinene smells like forest pine and rosemary. This relatively common terpene has been studied for a variety of positive effects on the human body, including helping with focus and respiratory inflammation.


Humulene is most commonly found in hops, which is also its most pronounced flavour characteristic. Research around humulene is young, but it's thought to suppress appetite and is currently being studied for its effects on cancer cells.