Vape 101

Do you have questions about legal vaping products? All over Canada, people are wondering how legal vapes are made, how regulations will protect public health and what they should look for in regulated vape products. Read on to get the facts and join the discussion about vape safety.

How are Legal Vape Products Made? 

When someone draws from a vape legally purchased in Canada they are inhaling the product of three main elements: the original cannabis plant matter, the extraction and formulation processes and the hardware that heats and vaporizes the extract. To make sure these products are as safe as possible, licensed producers work with Health Canada and provincial regulators to keep harmful substances out of each step of manufacturing. This includes:

• Growing plants without pesticides
• Extracting concentrated THC, CBD and terpenes without leaving behind solvent residue
• Removing fats, waxes, chlorophyll and other substances that can be harmful to inhale
• Managing flavour and viscosity without harmful additives (like vitamin E acetate)
• Sourcing mouthpieces, cartridges and batteries that do not contaminate the vapour
• Following standards for safe and hygienic manufacturing practices
• Obtaining third-party testing to ensure products are free from harmful microbes, chemicals and heavy metals
• Using lot number tracking system to monitor and respond to any consumer safety issues


Download: The Sundial Guide to Vape Manufacturing (PDF)


Whether a vaping consumer chooses a cartridge and rechargeable battery or a disposable all-in-one pen, their safety and enjoyment depend on healthy cannabis cultivation, regulated extraction and formulation processes, and food- or medical-grade hardware. With all these factors carefully controlled, Canadian licensed producers (LPs) deliver the safest possible vaping experiences.

What Regulations has Health Canada Set for Legal Vapes?

The primary rules Health Canada has set around cannabis vapes are: 

• No pesticides, harmful microbes or heavy metals on the source cannabis plants
• No pesticides, microbials, heavy metals or residues from solvents in extracted oils
• No harmful additives for thinning or flavouring (Nova Scotia has banned all flavouring unless it is derived from cannabis)
• Food- or medical-grade materials must be used in mouthpieces, cartridges and batteries
• Despite Health Canada policy and regulations, the provincial government of Newfoundland and Labrador has banned the sale of all cannabis vape products 

Sundial Vape 101

What Safety Checks Occur in Legal Vape Manufacturing?

Quality Assurance Checks happen at several points during licensed vape production:

• Good Production Practices are audited annually and randomly by Health Canada to make sure cultivation and processing procedures are safe and hygienic.
• Dry cannabis and finished extracts are tested randomly by Health Canada to ensure they are free from banned pesticides
• Third-party testing is required on every batch or lot of finished extracts for pesticides, microbials, heavy metals and residual solvents
• Certificates of Analysis are required for all non-cannabis ingredients (such as isolated terpenes from outside sources) to verify their composition and safety

What Makes Sundial Vapes Stand Apart?

From cultivation and processing to hardware manufacturing components, Sundial ensures that every material is the highest quality and every procedure is the safest possible.

• Our hardware manufacturing partners (CCELLⓒ and Vessel®) are GMP and ISO certified for highest standards in quality and safety
• All Sundial vape batteries meet UL1642, UN38.3 and IEC62133 certifications
• Battery designs are proven to provide controlled heat to avoid burning oils
• All hardware materials (ceramic, glass and Engineered ThermoPlastic) are non-reactive; they do not break down or contaminate the vapour
• All heating elements are precision-engineered ceramic for consistent, copious vapours with no burnt oil
• All components are food- or medical-grade or better
• All extracts are flavoured and thinned with cannabis-derived terpenes only. No other additives or flavours are used.
• Cartridge and battery connections are 510 threaded, universally compatible
• Cartridges are tested at >1% leak rate (compared to industry average of 5%)

Sundial Vape Pens

What do Consumers Need to Know About Dosing with Vapes?

Each 0.5 g Sundial cartridge or pen will contain approximately:

• 130 draws (3 seconds each)
• 2.5–3 mg THC per draw

According to research on cannabis dosing, one 3 second draw from a Sundial vape will fall within the range of a microdose for most inexperienced consumers (1.25-5 mg THC)1. A microdose is considered the smallest effective dosing type.

Everyone’s body reacts differently to a given dose, and extracts can have stronger effects than that of dry flower.


Learn More: Controlling Your Experience with Extracts


To protect yourself and your loved ones, always keep cannabis products labelled, locked up and out of reach of children and pets. These precautions are particularly important with extracts, edibles, and concentrates. Never drive or operate dangerous equipment after consuming cannabis.


Learn More: Safety Guidelines for Consuming Cannabis


Health Canada reminds consumers that the long-term effects of vaping are not fully known, and if they decide to use vape products, they should work with their doctor to closely monitor their health and always avoid unregulated or illegal vape products.


Learn More: Choosing and Using Vaporizers



[1] MacCallum CA, Russo EB. Practical considerations in medical cannabis administration and dosing. Eur J Intern Med. 2018;49:12-19.